has taken a tougher line on protection of agriculture. France, for example, is opposed to including agriculture in transatlantic trade talks.
The Greens are one of the big winners in the elections (even beating Germ
any’s Social democrats into second place), and they will seek to impose strict conditions reg
arding climate change, the environment and human rights on future trade deals. This attitude will also make it dif
ficult to agree a new trade deal with the US, as it has not endorsed the 2015 Paris climate agreement.
Although the nationalist and populist parties now have more seats, it does not mean they will form a united front in the EP. Th
ere are divisions on trade, on the environment and on dealing with China. Some of these parties, such as the Na
tional Front, are seen as firm opponents of free trade, whereas Alternative for Germany and Matteo Sal
vini’s Lega Nord in Italy tend to be more supportive (depending on the content of the trade agreement).